OPTIMIZING MEDIATION AS AN EFFORT TO SETTLE MARITAL DISPUTES IN COURT

  • Akhmad Kamil Rizani Islamic State University of Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
  • Muchimah Muchimah Islamic State University Prof. K.H. Saifuddin Zuhri Purwokerto
Keywords: Optimization, Mediation, Marriage Dispute

Abstract

This study discusses the Optimization of Mediation in the Resolution of Marriage Disputes in Court. Marriage is an essential event in human life as a legal and religious act. Along the household's journey as husband and wife, it is not uncommon for differences of opinion or principles between husband and wife to occur, which end up threatening the integrity of a marriage. Mediation as one of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is seen as a humanist and equitable way of resolving disputes. Humanist because the decision-making mechanism (peace agreement) is the authority of the parties to the dispute and maintains good relations. Fair because each party negotiates options for resolving the problem. Divorce cases in religious courts are first required to be mediated; Mediation is carried out to resolve problems to reconcile the husband and wife. This study uses a normative juridical research method using a statutory approach that focuses on optimizing Mediation in the Resolution of Marriage Disputes in Court. The result of this study is that the optimization of Mediation in court cannot be separated in several ways, namely the Supreme Court, as part of law enforcement, which issued PERMA No. 1 of 2016 concerning mediation procedures in court, is the right step in resolving disputes, especially marital disputes. In addition, the role of competent mediators, cooperative parties, and reasonable legal culture.

Keywords : Optimization, Mediation, Marriage Dispute 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbas, Syahrizal. Mediasi Dalam Hukum Syariah, Hukum Adat, Dan Hukum Nasional. Jakarta: Kencana, 2009.

Abdillah, Masykuri. Islam Dan Dinamika Sosial Politik Di Indonesia,. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2011.

Abdurrahman. Kompilasi Hukum Islam. 4th ed. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo, 2010.

al-Aynayni, Abu Muhammad Mahmud Ibn Ahmad. Al-Bidayah Fi Syarh AlHidayah. Jilid 9. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, n.d.

al-Zuhaily, Wahbah. Tafsir Al-Munir Fi Al-‘Aqidah Wal-Syari’Ah Wal-Manhaj. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1991.

Amarini, Indriati. “Penyelesaian Sengketa Yang Efektif Dan Efisien Melalui Optimalisasi Mediasi Di Pengadilan.” Jurnal Kosmik Hukum 16, no. 2 (2016): 86–106. http://www.jurnalnasional.ump.ac.id/index.php/KOSMIK/article/view/1954.

Amin, Ahmed Shoim El. “Konsep Mediasi Dalam Hukum Islam.” Al Munqidz: Jurnal Kajian Dan Keislaman 2, no. 2 (2013): 21–30. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.52802/amk.v2i2.32.

Arto, Mukri. Praktek Perkara Perdata Pada Pengadilan Agama. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2008.

Ashari, Beni. “Peran Mediator Dalam Perkara Perceraian (Studi Solusi Konflik Rumah Tangga Di Pengadilan Agama Jember).” Mabahits : Jurnal Hukum Keluarga 1, no. 2 (2020): 74–88.

Dahlan, Abdul Aziz. Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam, (1996), h. 1750. Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1996.

Duri, Qahthan Abdu al Rahman al. Aqdu Al Tahkim Fi Al Fiqhi Al Islami Wa Al Qanun Al Wadl’i. Yordan: Dar al Furqan, 2002.

Fanani, Ahwan. Pengantar Mediasi (Fasilitatif), Prinsip, Metode, Dan Teknik. Semarang: Fakultas Tarbiyah IAIN Walisongo, 2012.

Hanifah, Mardalena. “Kajian Yuridis : Mediasi Sebagai Alternatif Penyelesaian Sengketa Perdata Di Pengadilan.” Jurnal Hukum Acara Perdata ADHAPER 2, no. 1 (2016): 3. https://doi.org/10.36913/jhaper.v2i1.21.

Harahap, M. Yahya. Hukum Acara Perdata (Gugatan, Persidangan, Penyitaan, Pembuktian, Dan Putusan Pengadilan). Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2006.

Hartawati. Penyelesaian Perkara Perceraian Melalui Mediasi Sebuah Resolusi Konflik Keluarga. Bandung: Manggu Makmur Tanjung Lestari, 2021.

Head, Jonh W. Pengantar Umum Hukum Ekonomi. Jakarta: ELIPS, 1997.

Hoynes, John Michael, Cretchen L. Haynes, and Larry Sun Fang. Mediattion: Positive Conflict Management. New York: SUNY Press, 2004.

Mahkamah Agung. Peraturan Mahkamah Agung No. 1 Tahun 2016 tentang Prosedur Mediasi di Pengadilan, Pub. L. No. 1 (2016).

Malik, Vijay. Muslim Law of Marriage, Divorce and Maintenance. Delhi: Eastern Book Company, 1988.

Margono, Sujud. ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution) Dan Arbitrase Proses Pelembagaan Dan Aspek Hukum. Bogor: Ghlmia Indonesia, 2004.

Mubarok, Jaih. Peradilan Agama Di Indonesia. Bandung: Pustaka Bani Quraisy, 2004.

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson. Kamus Al-Munawwir Kamus Arab-Indonesia. Surabaya: Pustaka Progressif, 1997.

Nur Anisa, Lina. “Implementasi Prinsip Neutrality Dalam Proses Mediasi.” Al-Mabsut: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Sosial 9, no. 1 (2015): 9.

Nuraningsih. Mediasi Alternatif Penyelesaian Sengketa Perdata Di Pengadilan. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2011.

Rahmadi, Takdir. Mediasi Penyelesaian Sengketa Melalui Pendekatan Mufakat. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2011.

Rizani, Akhmad Kamil, and Baitul Dawiyah. “Concept Hifz An-Nasl in Ticak Kacang Marriage , Dayak Siang Traditional.” Al Qalam: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman 40, no. 1 (2023): 25–40.

Saifullah, Muhammad. “Efektivitas Mediasi Dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Jawa Tengah.” Al-Ahkam 25, no. 2 (2015): 181. https://doi.org/10.21580/ahkam.2015.25.2.601.

Sholeh, Asrorun Ni’am. Fatwa-Fatwa Masalah Pernikahan Dan Keluarga. Jakarta: Elsas, 2008.

Soemartono, Gatot. Arbitrase Dan Mediasi Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2006.

Tomy, Saladin. “Penerapan Mediasi Dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Di Pengadilan Agama.” Mahkamah: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam 2, no. 2 (2017): 146–61. https://doi.org/235/mahkamah.v2i2.2034.

Zainuddin, Zainuddin. “Islah Dalam Pemahaman Qur’an Hadis.” Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Mu’ashirah 19, no. 2 (2022): 161. https://doi.org/10.22373/jim.v19i2.14058.

Published
2023-12-07
How to Cite
Akhmad Kamil Rizani, & Muchimah, M. (2023). OPTIMIZING MEDIATION AS AN EFFORT TO SETTLE MARITAL DISPUTES IN COURT. Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Tambun Bungai, 8(2), 320-332. https://doi.org/10.61394/jihtb.v8i2.266